A reminder to European executives

To European executives:

When traveling in the United States, please remember one thing: porn is not real. No matter how much films from San Fernando Valley may lead you to believe otherwise, the maid does not magically want to have sex with you, no matter how naked you are. The pizza delivery guy is just there to deliver pizza. There is no sex in the champagne room.

As a European executive, you are likely rich, powerful and, well…European. Most American cities have no shortage of sluts and boy toys who may be happy to have some meaningless sex with you, but you need to go out and find them. They will not be delivered to your door.

At least, not for free.

Forced medicine

A woman in Massachusetts was just found guilty of attempted murder for withholding cancer medication from her autistic son, who has since died. Go read that article for the specifics. No, really. Go ahead. I’ll wait.

OK, so, there are a number of question raised by this case, some of them moral/ethical questions, some of them legal. But, before the sound and fury about this case (which I predict will only last about three days in the mainstream press) abates, I want to concentrate on this question: instead of withholding the drugs for her own reasons, suppose the woman withheld the drugs because she could not afford them. Would she then still have been found guilty of attempted murder?

I suspect a lot of people would say no, reasoning that a jury would find that, even if she wanted to provide the drugs, she couldn’t get them anyway, thus absolving her of the responsibility.

Now, suppose you agree with that. What this verdict then means is this: the state can now force you, under penalty of imprisonment, to consume medication if you can afford it. It is no longer your choice to consume life-saving medication, or to make that choice for your children. If you can afford it, you must purchase and use it, or go to jail. At least, this is true when (as is typically the case) your children are assumed not to be able to make legally binding choices for themselves.

Or, maybe it doesn’t mean that. Instead, maybe it means that the state now considers there to be a legal difference between choosing to consume life-saving medication for yourself vs. making that choice for your children. But if it isn’t the parent’s choice, whose choice is it? The only other possibilities are the child or the state. If it is the child’s choice, then the child has just been given a legal mandate to control the spending of others for his own benefit (“Ma, the doc gave me a prescription for a new Audi. Pony up!”), and if the others don’t like it, they can go to jail. If it is the state, then the state is now making medical and moral choices for its citizens. Neither of these two alternatives is all that palatable.

Another thing bothers me about this case. The state charges that Kristen LaBrie caused the death of the child by withholding the meds. The child is dead because, as the state would have you believe, his medicine was withheld. Then why is the state charging her with attempted murder? If you believe the state, then isn’t it full-on successful 100% genuine murder?

It’s likely that the attempted murder charge was used because it has a much lower burden of proof for the state, and the prosecutor didn’t think he could make a full murder charge. If that is the reason, then it suggests that this whole case is some sort of political wet dream agenda from the D.A.’s office. “Sorry Ms LaBrie. Nevermind that your son was autistic, had leukemia and died, you need to go to prison so that I can prove something to someone, somewhere.” The whole thing sickens me.

I may have more to say about this later. Right now, my neighborhood watch officer is telling me it’s time to take my soma.

The Last Shuttle

When the space shuttle Atlantis returns from its final mission later this year, the space shuttle program will officially be over. A group of documentarians from the San Diego Aerospace Museum are trying to capture the last days of the program in a film called The Last Shuttle, using a number of different technologies. They have started a Kickstarter project to raise some of the money to do this. They are a bit far from their goal, but still have a couple days left. I’ve kicked some money their way. Please do the same.

Rebuilding a RAID

A while ago, I showed how to build a 1TB backup RAID in ten minutes. But what happens when a drive in this RAID goes bad? This is easy enough to deal with, but contains a few landmines along the way that can get you if you are not careful.

A few weeks back, I upgraded my backup RAID to use quiet, cool, 2TB disks. After working for a few days, one of the disks started throwing SMART alerts, which (in this case) signaled imminent failure. Soon enough, the drive became non-responsive. (This often happens with commodity components like drives or RAM: either they fail right away, or not at all.) As the drive was still under warranty, I got a replacement drive and swapped it into the RAID, and now all is well.

But, back up a bit. What do you actually see when this happens, and what do you need to do? Well, first of all, remember that the R in RAID stands for “redundant”. The whole point is that if one disk fails, the data remains safe on the remaining disk. At first glance, the RAID looks totally fine. If you run Disk Utility, though, it will tell you that the RAID is “degraded”, like so:

Missing disk

Note that if you have a problem, one of the disks might say “Damaged” or some other status instead of “Missing”, but the idea is the same. So, first land mine: you might be tempted to remove this damaged disk from the RAID set in Disk Utility. Do not do this. Instead, you want to get this disk out of the machine entirely, leaving the software part of the RAID alone for the moment.

Which brings us to the second land mine: how do you know which disk to remove? In the list of disks on the left of the Disk Utility screen, if you click on one of the disks, it should tell you what bay contains the drive at the bottom of the screen. If you still can’t tell, take a look at the RAID information for something like “disk1s2” on the damaged drive. Then run System Profiler. In the “Hardware: Serial-ATA” section, you should be able to find the matching “BSD Name” for the drive and figure out which bay the disk is in.

Once you know what bay to empty, turn off Time Machine, then shut down the machine and remove the drive (follow the link mentioned at the start of this post for how to do this). I should point out that, if you need to, once the disk is removed, you can restart the machine and use it for a while. The RAID will still be degraded, but will function with one disk if needed. (I ran in this state for a while while waiting for my replacement drive.)

Once the disk is removed, you have a couple of choices: you can try to repair the disk, or you can replace it. If you want to try repairing the disk, you should do so using a totally different machine. The reason for this is that once a disk has RAID information put on it, there is a chance that it will try to sync with other RAID disks as soon as it is put on a system with them, which could blow the information away.

One tool that helps immensely in messing with drives and moving them around is something like the NewerTech Voyager Q. This is a box that has several different kinds of disk interface on the back (USB, FireWire, eSATA) and a slot on top into which a SATA disk can be plugged, without messing with screws and mounting brackets and such. It’s totally worth the $70.

Anyway, however you do it, mount the drive on a different box and try to repair it. In my case, this didn’t work, and I had to replace the drive. If you must do so, it is crucial that you get a drive with the same capacity as the good drive in the RAID. Ideally, you want the same exact model of drive.

So, now that you have either a repaired or new disk, you hit the most important land mine: if you try to install this disk into your RAID, and it has some residual RAID information on it, it may hose your data. So, you need to reformat the drive before you add it in. Again, this is best done on a totally different machine. Being paranoid, I reformatted mine to FAT, then reformatted again to HFS, doing a single pass zeroing out of the data.

Now, install the drive into the main machine and startup. Once you are up and running, launch Disk Utility again. Get to the RAID section. As far as the software knows, the old drive it knew about is still missing, so you’ll see something much like the screenshot above.

If you click on the “Missing” part of the RAID in the UI, the buttons at the bottom should change to “Delete” and “Demote”. You should avoid the first one entirely, and only use “Demote”. This will pull the bad disk out of the RAID, but leave the original disk as part of the RAID.

You can now also drag the new disk into the RAID list:

Dragging in new disk

Once both of these are done, click the parent item in the RAID list. One of the buttons on the bottom will change to “Rebuild”. Hit this button. You will get a confirmation dialog:


Click “Rebuild”, and then watch the progress:


Rebuilding takes hours, so read a book or something. Once it is done, the RAID should be just how you left it, but in full working order. Turn Time Machine back on and away you go.

How to trim a budget

Matthew Yglesias summarizes Stan Collender’s thoughts on cutting budgets like so:

…the key thing for any fiscal adjustment plan to say on the cut side isn’t really how much money you’re cutting, it’s what things do you want the government to stop doing. Once you name the things, you can total up the savings. Then you can either say you’ve cut enough, or else you can go back and name more things.

So with that in mind, here is what I’d like my government to stop doing, in no particular order. I want the government to stop…

The Cato Institute has very detailed thoughts about what they want the government to stop. The New York Times also offers and interactive method for playing with what stopping certain things will save. What do you want the government to stop doing?

(Hat tip to MN for pointing me to the original article.)

Raise a glass to Hick

No matter what your reaction to yesterday’s elections here in the States is, please take a moment tonight to join me in raising a pint to John Hickenlooper, the next governor of my home state of Colorado. Not just because Hick is a really good guy. Nor even because he knows how to make some really good beer.

Instead, raise a glass to Hickenlooper for starting his campaign with a pledge to avoid negative attack ads, and actually sticking to it. And also because the ads he did run were a cut above your average political shilling.

So, here’s to you, Governor Hickenlooper. (Now, if only this glass was filled with some Rail Yard.)